You can substitute your (terminal IFR approved) GPS for ADF or DME
? e.g. for DME fixes, DME arcs, navigation to/from NDB, NDB fixes, Holding at NDB.
? The NDB and/or DME ground stations can be inop.
? Use published (database) fixes or distance/bearings from them.
Be careful with (unnamed) DME final approach step-downs. The DME distance may not be the same as the distance to the active waypoint!