If an engine failure occurs during the takeoff run, the most important thing to do is stop the airplane on the remaining runway. Those extra items on the checklist will provide added safety after a failure of this type.
Prompt lowering of the nose to maintain airspeed and establish a glide attitude is the first response to an engine failure after takeoff. In most cases, the landing should be planned straight ahead with only small changes in direction to avoid obstructions. Altitude and airspeed are seldom sufficient to execute a 1800 gliding turn necessary to return to the runway. The checklist procedures assume that adequate time exists to secure the fuel and ignition systems prior to touchdown.
After an engine
failure in flight, the best glide speed as shown in figure 3-1 should be
established as quickly as possible. While gliding toward a suitable landing
area, an effort should be made to identify the cause of the failure. If time
permits, an engine restart should be attempted as shown in the checklist. If the
engine cannot be restarted, a forced landing without power must be
If all attempts to restart the engine fail and a forced landing is imminent, select a suitable field and prepare for the landing as discussed in the checklist for Emergency Landing Without Engine Power.
Before attempting an "off airport" landing with engine power availa ble, one should fly over the landing area at a safe but low altitude to inspect the terrain for obstructions and surface conditions, proceeding as dis cussed under the Precautionary Landing With Engine Power checklist.
Prepare for ditching by securing or jettisoning heavy objects located in the baggage area and collect folded coats for protection of occupants' face at touchdown. Transmit Mayday message on 121.5 MHz giving location and intentions and squawk 7700 if a transponder is installed. Avoid a landing flare because of difficulty in judging height over a water surface.
In a forced landing situation,
do not turn off the avionics power and master switches until a landing is
assured. Premature deactivation of the switches will disable the encoding
altimeter and airplane electrical sys tern s.
LANDING WITHOUT ELEVATOR CONTROL
With airspeed below 130 KIAS, simultaneously select gear down and 100 flaps. Trim for horizontal flight with an airspeed of approximately 70 KIAS by using throttle and elevator trim control. Then do not change the elevator trim control setting; control the glide angle by adjusting power exclusively.
At flareout, the nose-down
moment resulting from power reduction is an adverse factor and the airplane may
hit on the nose wheel. Conse quently, at flareout, the elevator trim control
should be adjusted toward the' nose-up position and the power adjusted so that
the airplane will rotate to the horizontal attitude for touchdown. Close the
throttle at touchdown.
Although engine fires are extremely
rare in flight, the steps of the appropriate checklist should be followed if
one is encountered. After completion of this procedure, execute a forced landing.
Do not attempt to restart the engine. The initial indication of an electrical
fire is usually the odor of burning insulation. The checklist for this problem
should result in elimination of the fire.